I regularly have to create database update scripts i.e. scripts that create tables or add new columns to existing tables or populate new tables with base data. One requirement is that these scripts be re-runnable. For example, if a new table doesn’t exist it should be created, if it does exist then the update script should continue without throwing an error. For these situations I find the following simple queries very useful.
Wrap them in functions written in your language of choice and you have an easy way to check the current status of your MySQL database before taking action.
1. Check if a table exists in the current database schema
select table_name as found from information_schema.tables where table_schema = SCHEMA() and table_name = '__table_name__'
select column_name as found from information_schema.columns where table_schema = SCHEMA() and table_name = '__table_name__' and column_name = '__column_name__'
select 1 from __table_name__ limit 1
After running each of these queries, simply check if any rows were returned. A non-zero row count indicates the existence of the table, the column or the data as appropriate.
These three queries, and a couple of variations on them, can also be found on my Gist page.